Question: What Are Food And Water Borne Diseases?

What are the 5 major food borne illnesses?

These five foodborne pathogens, also known as the ‘Big 5,’ include Norovirus, the Hepatitis A virus, Salmonella Typhi, Shigella spp., and Escherichia coli (E.

coli) O157:H7 or other Enterohemorrhagic or Shiga toxin-producing E.

coli..

What are water borne diseases and examples?

Contagion by pathogenic microorganisms Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases. Examples are typhoid fever, cholera and Hepatitis A or E. Other microorganisms induce less dangerous diseases. Often, diarrhoea is the main symptom (figure 1).

How do water borne diseases spread?

Waterborne diseases are conditions caused by pathogenic micro-organisms that are transmitted in water. These diseases can be spread while bathing, washing, drinking water, or by eating food exposed to contaminated water.

Why are water borne diseases a problem?

Waterborne diseases are caused by a variety of microorganisms, biotoxins, and toxic contaminants, which lead to devastating illnesses such as cholera, schistosomiasis and other gastrointestinal problems. Outbreaks of waterborne diseases often occur after a severe precipitation event (rainfall, snowfall).

What is a major cause of waterborne diseases?

Waterborne illnesses have two main causes: Pollution e.g. dangerous levels of chemicals, nitrates or heavy metals in the water supply due to industrial pollution or the over-use of agricultural chemicals. Dirt & Contamination – Bacteria, viruses and parasitic organisms invisibly contaminate the water and cause disease.

What are the water borne diseases in India?

Water-Borne Diseases in India1) Cholera.2) Diarrhoea.3) Malaria.4) Typhoid.5) Filariasis.

What are the 6 food borne diseases?

The FDA lists over 40 types of bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi that contaminate foods and cause illness, but they have singled out 6 that are the most contagious and cause the most severe symptoms. They are E coli, Hepatitis A, Nontyphoidal Salmonella, Norovirus, Shigella, Salmonella Typhi.

What is food and water borne disease?

FWBDs refer to the limited group of illnesses characterized by diarrhea, nausea, vomiting with or without fever, abdominal pain, headache and/or body malaise. These are spread or acquired through the ingestion of food or water contaminated by disease-causing microorganisms (bacterial or its toxins, parasitic, viral).

What are the water borne diseases?

Water-Borne Diseases and their Impact The pathogenic microorganisms, their toxic exudates, and other contaminants together, cause serious conditions such as cholera, diarrhea, typhoid, amebiasis, hepatitis, gastroenteritis, giardiasis, campylobacteriosis, scabies, and worm infections, to name a few.

What is the most common water borne disease?

Of the seven most common waterborne diseases in the world, diarrhea is the central symptom….CholeraNausea.Vomiting.Diarrhea.Muscle cramps.

What is the biggest cause of foodborne illness?

The biggest cause of foodborne illness is chicken.

How water borne diseases can be prevented?

Take food safety precautions to learn about the fundamentals of food safety so that you can protect yourself, your friends, family and people in your community. Wash and/or peel all raw vegetables and fruits before eating. Drink and eat only pasteurized dairy products (milk, cheese, yogurt and ice cream) and juices.

What are the examples of foodborne diseases?

Causes of Foodborne IllnessCampylobacteriosis (Campylobacter)Cryptosporidiosis (Cryptosporidium)Cyclosporiasis (Cyclospora spp.)Escherichia coli O157:H7 Infection (E. … Giardiasis (Giardia)Listeriosis (Listeria monocytogenes)Norovirus Infection (aka Norwalk virus, calicivirus, viral gastroenteritis)More items…

What are the 3 main causes of foodborne illness?

Causes of Foodborne Illness The causes fall into the following 3 categories: Biological hazards include bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Bacteria and viruses are responsible for most foodborne illnesses.