Quick Answer: How Does Addisons Disease Affect The Body?

What is the life expectancy of a person with Addison’s disease?

The mean ages at death for females (75.7 years) and males (64.8 years) were 3.2 and 11.2 years less than the estimated life expectancy.

Conclusion: Addison’s disease is still a potentially lethal condition, with excess mortality in acute adrenal failure, infection, and sudden death in patients diagnosed at young age..

What organs are affected by Addison’s disease?

Addison’s disease is a condition that affects your body’s adrenal glands. These glands are located on top of your kidneys. They make hormones that affect your mood, growth, metabolism, tissue function, and how your body responds to stress. Addison’s disease damages those glands.

How do you feel with Addison’s disease?

Affected individuals may have a poor appetite and unintentional weight loss and may develop progressive fatigue and muscle weakness. Muscle pain (myalgia), muscle spasms and joint pain may also occur. Dehydration can also affect individuals with Addison’s disease.

Can you live a normal life with Addison’s disease?

You’ll need to take the medication for the rest of your life. With treatment, symptoms of Addison’s disease can largely be controlled. Most people with the condition live a normal lifespan and are able to live an active life, with few limitations.

Is Addison’s hereditary?

Rarely, Addison’s disease runs in families and may be due to a genetic predisposition . Addison’s disease may be diagnosed based on symptoms, blood and urine tests that evaluate adrenal function, chest X-rays , and/or a CT scan to look at the size and characteristics of the adrenal glands.

Can Addison’s cause kidney failure?

If Addison disease is not treated, an adrenal crisis may occur. Severe abdominal pain, profound weakness, extremely low blood pressure, kidney failure, and shock may occur.

What makes Addison’s disease worse?

You may not even notice them until your body is under extreme stress, such as when a severe infection, trauma, surgery, or dehydration causes an adrenal crisis. An adrenal crisis means that your body can’t make enough cortisol to cope with the stress. In a few cases, Addison’s disease gets worse quickly.

How does adrenal insufficiency affect the body?

With adrenal insufficiency, the inability to increase cortisol production with stress can lead to an addisonian crisis. An addisonian crisis is a life-threatening situation that results in low blood pressure, low blood levels of sugar and high blood levels of potassium.

What are the long term effects of Addison’s disease?

Chronic, worsening fatigue and muscle weakness, loss of appetite, and weight loss are characteristic of the disease. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea occur in about 50 percent of cases. Blood pressure is low and falls further when standing, causing dizziness or fainting.

Does Addisons disease affect the brain?

In approximately half of people with this disorder, the disease affects the nerve cells in the brain. It also involves the adrenal glands and testicles in the majority of the patients. Addison’s disease only (about 10% of all cases)—occurs in adults and only the adrenal glands are affected.

How long can you live with adrenal insufficiency?

In cases such as these, adrenal insufficiency (lack of sufficient hormone production from the adrenal glands) is almost always temporary and patients usually recuperate within one year.

Is Addison’s disease considered a disability?

Addison’s disease is considered under the disability listing for endocrine disorders because it is a type of adrenal gland disorder. The listing for endocrine disorders is a bit different than other disability listings that include specific impairment requirements to qualify for disability.

What does an adrenal crash feel like?

The adrenal fatigue symptoms are “mostly nonspecific” including being tired or fatigued to the point of having trouble getting out of bed; experiencing poor sleep; feeling anxious, nervous, or rundown; craving salty and sweet snacks; and having “gut problems,” says Nieman.

What does low cortisol feel like?

Low levels of cortisol can cause weakness, fatigue, and low blood pressure. You may have more symptoms if you have untreated Addison’s disease or damaged adrenal glands due to severe stress, such as from a car accident or an infection. These symptoms include sudden dizziness, vomiting, and even loss of consciousness.

Can stress cause Addison’s disease?

Physical stress, such as an injury, infection or illness, or emotional stress can worsen the condition of a person with Addison’s disease since their bodies lack the natural stress response hormones.